Source: roots and tubers.
Actions: anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, anti-rheumatic, increases sweating, diuretic.
Therapeutic uses: traditional north and central American native remedy for painful periods, cramps and labour. Also used for menopausal symptoms, arthritis and rheumatism, joint inflammation, colic, irritable bowel syndrome and muscle spasms.
Typical preparation: tincture, cream, decoction.
Contraindications: not to be taken during pregnancy.