Biotin Biochemically this vitamin is involved in one reaction by which pyruvic acid (derived from glucose as described above) is further metabolised. It is also required for fatty acid synthesis. The most commonly recommended allowance is 150-300mcg per day. Like other B Vitamins, biotin is recommended for several conditions, like skin troubles, muscle pains, depression and baldness. These connections Read More

Folic Acid

Folic Acid The biochemical functions of folic acid are very closely related to those of Vitamin B12, being similarly involved the formation of ‘active methyl groups’, and through this role, with protein metabolism, purines, nucleic acids and with the synthesis of the haem of haemoglobin, the blood pigment. The most commonly recommended allowance is 400mcg per day, 800mcg during Read More

Vitamin A

Vitamin A The first scientific awareness of Vitamin A dates back to 1913 when it became known as a factor that was required to combat night blindness and some other eye troubles. Initially the deficiency of it was countered by eating cod liver oil or animal liver. Its function at the molecular level in vision has now been long Read More

Vitamin B1

Vitamin-B1 Vitamin B1 The vitamin itself is thiamine‚ or thiamin. This is the form in which it occurs in the diet. But the active form of Vitamin B1 is not plain thiamine but its derivative, thiamine pyrophosphate. This is the co-factor that works directly in the enzyme systems. The body can produce the cofactor from dietary thiamine but cannot make Read More

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 The known roles of Vitamin B12 in the body are connected with some chemical groups known as ‘active methyl groups’. These are of importance in the synthesis of nucleic acids the replenishment of the amino acid methionine, and production of two important substances called choline and creatine. There are also some other connections with amino acid metabolism. Read More

Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2 The active forms of riboflavin in the tissues are components of enzymes called flavin mononucleotide (FM) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). The body has the ability to convert riboflavin into FM and FAD but no ability of its own to make riboflavin itself. The best known role in the cells of ‘flavins’ is in the mitochondria of Read More

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